By the Decision of the UN General Assembly as of 1987, the 26th of June is celebrated as the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Drug Trafficking. Even though year after tear, both internationally and regionally constantly bigger efforts are being invested in order to out drug abuse under control, and illicit trafficking eradicated, the problem of drug abuse remains preset, which is a risk for public health and society functioning as a whole. Drug markets are becoming more complex and available. Herbal substances such as cannabis, cocaine and heroin are accompanied by hundreds of synthetic drugs out of which many are not under international control. Besides, there is a trend of sudden growth of use if pharmaceutical drugs for non-medical purposes. According to the UN annual program and campaign, the topic of this year’s celebration of the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Drug Trafficking is “better Knowledge for Better Care”. Speaking about the drug abuse and resolving problems in this area, there are frequent or incorrect information of different kinds. People, decision makers, and sometimes service providers as well, make disorders due to drug abuse observed not as consequences of different factors, but exclusively as moral failure or criminal offence. Moreover, what is often not understood is that the problem of drug abuse is a result of complex interactions between factors that are not under the control of individuals, such as factors of genetics, mental health and environment. Therefore, problems due to drug abuse should not be observed as gained or subject exclusively to punishment. By supporting multisector approach to resolving this problem, in cooperation with the Association “Way Out”, the Office for Combating Drugs introduced itself at this year’s 63rd session of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, CND with topic “Multisector meetings in Serbia – smaller marginalization and bigger cooperation on drug related problems” within which the results of regional project “I Chose Recovery” that was carried out in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro were presented. According to the “World Drug Report 2020” issued by the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, 35,6 million people worldwide have drug problems. Cannabis is the mostly used substance, while opioids are the most harmful. It is estimated that 192 million people used cannabis in 2018, which makes it the mostly used drug in the world, while during the same year 58 million people used opioids. Speaking about stimulants the mostly used ones are cocaine and methamphetamine. During 2018, about 19 million people used cocaine, while 27 million people used amphetamines.
Speaking of the Republic of Serbia, situation is not much different from the rest of the world. According to the data from 2019, the mostly used substance was marijuana, followed by heroin and cocaine. Speaking of new psychoactive substances, according to the official data, they still do not pose great danger. Nevertheless, the Office for Combating Drugs in cooperation with the NGO “ReGeneration”, there is an ongoing research named „#DAZNAMŠTARADIM“, aimed at efficiency increase for Early Warning System for New Psychoactive Substances, and results of this research will show how big the danger of new psychoactive substances is. The Office for Combating Drugs monitors Strategy for Combating Drugs as a key document in this area, and in accordance with the respective, it works on implementation of the set of activities aimed at raising awareness on dangers resulting from the respective. In order to approach drug abuse problem in a proper way, it is necessary to involve the entire society, because the drug problem can happen to any of us.